A Panda walks into a restaurant and eats, shoots, and leaves...
Always save any assignment or pdf with the file name "last name + assignment name. For example: fitzsimmons comma rule 1
Due: Monday, September 15th
The Tricolon Compound Sentence Exercise: Create five sentences with three "clauses." Use a semi-colon after the first clause followed by a comma and conjunction before the last clause. This type of sentence is awesome because it allows you to express three related ideas in one sentence—one for each theme of your body paragraphs.
- e.g. The first four books of The Odyssey gives us a glimpse into the life and times of the ancient Greeks; [semi-colon + plus another independent clause] it gives us a lesson in the values and customs during the time of The Odyssey, and [comma and conjunction + plus another independent clause] it gives us a story told through stories.
Independent clause + semi-colon:
Independent clause + comma and conjunction
Final Independent clause and period
I love fishing;
I love waking up early in the morning, but
I don't love the long walk to the river.
Study the details of this rule to complete the assignment.
Commas are used to separate three or more words or phrases in a list or series.
- e.g. Please bring skates, gloves, hats and food to the rink. [with words or items] Putting a comma before the final word is up to you! This final comma is called the "Oxford Comma," probably because the British are taught to always include this final comma:)
- e.g. I am tired or you always forgetting your books, forgetting your assignments, and forgetting to bring a pencil to class. [with phrases] Here I used the Oxford Comma!
Commas can separate clauses, but only if the comma precedes a
- e.g. I am going to the mall, and I am going to the Apple store, but I am not going to buy anything.
- e.g. I heard my mother calling, so I walked home, and I found a ball, a bat, three quarters and one old shoe on the way home.
If you connect two clauses with a comma, you create the dreaded “comma splice,” which is in my top ten writing mistakes of all time.
- .e.g. I am going fishing, I will use my new fishing pole. This is wrong!!!!
To “repair” this comma splice, you can add a period and make two sentences:
- e.g. I am going fishing. I will use my new fishing pole.
Or you can add a comma and a conjunction:
- e.g. I am going fishing, so I will use my new fishing pole.
Or you can replace the comma with a semi colon:
- e.g. I am going fishing; I will use my new fishing pole.
You may omit the last comma [the Oxford Comma] if there will be no confusion in meaning. I tend to use the Oxford Comma more often than not because why risk being confusing.
- e.g. I love pizza, milk, and french fries. three items with an Oxford Comma=no confusion
- e.g. I love pizza, milk and french fries. three items without an Oxford Comma (but milk and french fries might not be good mixed together:)
If there are only two elements, no comma is needed between the elements.
- e.g. I love pizza and french fries.
- e.g. I despise the Rangers and the Redwings.
If you are introducing a list with a noun, use a colon to introduce the list.
- e.g. Don't forget these important items: my books, pencil, baloney, and peanut butter and fluff sandwich.
If you introduce the list with a verb use a comma after the first item in the list:
- e.g. Don't forget to bring my books, pencil, baloney, and peanut butter and fluff sandwich. [Note how important the Oxford Comma is here. Without it, a reader might infer that someone should bring a baloney and peanut butter sandwich, which is kind of gross:)]
There you have it. Everything I know about Comma Rule #1.